Resources for Residents

The Thoracic Surgery Residents Association (TSRA) offers various resources for medical students, general surgery residents, and cardiothoracic surgery residents and fellows interested cardiothoracic surgery education. Click here to download a TSRA Resources for Residents brochure.*

TSRA Podcasts

With the help of residents and senior faculty from around the country, TSRA has released a series of podcasts covering various adult cardiac, thoracic, and congenital heart surgery topics. This resource is similar to the popular TSRA Clinical Scenarios but in audio format. In each podcast a resident interviews an expert faculty regarding the background, work-up, surgical considerations and pertinent potential complications of a given condition. Podcasts can be accessed and streamed via SoundCloud or through the SoundCloud app. TSRA plans to release 1-2 podcasts per month over the next several years, so please check the website regularly for new material. Current podcast interviews include:

TSRA would like to recognize the following leaders for their contributions to the TSRA Podcast Series:

Projects Chair: Dr. Panos Vardas
Adult Cardiac Surgery Podcast Editor: Dr. Gregory Pattakos
General Thoracic Podcast Editor: Dr. Amy Fiedler
Congenital Podcast Editor: Dr. Peter Chen
History Podcast Editor: Dr. Brendan Dewan

Congenital: Ebstein’s Anomaly – Cone Procedure, Dr. Garrett Coyan & Dr. Jose Da Silva

Congenital: HLHS- Single Ventricle Palliation, Dr. Claude Beaty & Dr. Richard Ohye

Congenital: ASD/PAPVR, Dr. Laura Seese & Dr. Victor Morell

Historical: History of Cardiopulmonary Bypass, Dr. Paul Linsky & Dr. William Holman

Congenital: ALCAPA, Dr. David Lehenbauer & Dr. Marshall Jacobs

Congenital: Pediatric Airway Reconstruction, Dr. Jacob Miller & Dr. Peter Manning

Congenital: Vascular Rings And Slings, Dr. Constantine Mavroudis & Dr. J. William Gaynor

Thoracic: Chylothorax, Dr. Justin Watson & Dr. Paul Schipper

Thoracic: Diaphragmatic Plication, Dr. Nkem Aziken & Dr. Rafael Andrade

Congenital: Patent Ductus Arteriosus, Dr. Justin Watson & Dr. Irving Shen

Thoracic: Ex-Vivo Lung Perfusion, Dr. Colleen Pietras & Dr. Edward Cantu

Thoracic: Esophageal Perforation, Dr. Kevin Graham & Dr. Mimi Ceppa

Congenital: Total Anomalous Pulm Venous Return, Dr. Rachel Vanderlaan & Dr. Chris Caldarone

Thoracic: Complex Benign Esophageal Disease, Dr. Stephanie Worrell & Dr. Mark Orringer

Thoracic: Esophageal Cancer, Dr. Doug Liou & Dr. Mark Berry

Cardiac: Thoracoabdominal Aneurysms, Dr. David Blitzer & Dr. Joel Corvera

Cardiac: Type B Dissection, Dr. Colleen Pietras & Dr. Alberto Pochettino

Cardiac: Aortic Regurgitation, Dr. Lori Soni & Dr. Duke Cameron

Congenital: LVOT Obstruction, Dr. Charles Cole & Dr. Jim Jaggers

Cardiac: Atrial Fibrillation & Cox-MAZE Procedure, Dr. Danielle Smith & Dr. Jim Cox

Cardiac: Aortic Root Aneurysm, Dr. Melissa Levack & Dr. Lars Svensson

Historical: History of ECMO, Part 1, Dr. K. Candis Jones & Dr. Robert Bartlett

Historical: History of ECMO Part 2, Dr. K. Candis Jones & Dr. Robert Bartlett

Thoracic: Treatment of Mycobacterial Lung Infection, Dr. Jordan Hoffman & Dr. John Mitchell

Congenital: Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome, Dr. Eric Feins & Dr. Pedro del Nido

Congenital: Pulmonary Atresia with VSD and Major AP Collaterals, Dr. Michael Ma & Dr. Frank Hanley

Congenital: Treatment of Ebstein’s Anomaly via RV Exclusion, Dr. Hampton Gray & Dr. Vaughn Starnes

Historical: Creativity & Innovation in Cardiac Surgery, Dr. Elizabeth Stephens & Dr. Tirone David

Historical: Evolution of the Surgical Treatment of Tuberculosis, Dr. Jordan Hoffman & Dr. John Mitchell

Cardiac: Left Ventricular Assist Devices, Dr. Arman Kilic & Dr. Michael Acker

Thoracic: Esophageal Diverticulum, Dr. Monisha Sudarshan & Dr. Shanda Blackmon

Congenital: Truncus Arteriosus, Dr. Peter Sassalos & Dr. Edward Bove

Cardiac: Endocarditis, Dr. Amy Fiedler & Dr. Thoralf Sundt

Thoracic: Anterior Mediastinal Tumors, Dr. Panos Vardas & Dr. Ken Kesler

Cardiac: Aortic Valve Stenosis, Dr. Brendan Dewan & Dr. David Fullerton

Congenital: Tetralogy of Fallot, Dr. Elizabeth Stephens & Dr. Emile Bacha

Congenital: Coarctation of the Aorta, Dr. Corinne Tan & Dr. Carlos Mery

Thoracic: Paraesophageal Hernia, Dr. Lucia Madariaga & Dr. Chrisopher Morse

Congenital: Ventricular Septal Defect, Dr. David Blitzer & Dr. John Brown

Cardiac: Pulmonary Thromboendarterectomy, Dr. Trevor Upham & Dr. Michael Madani

Cardiac: CABG, Dr. Arman Arghami & Dr. John Stulak

Congenital: Congenital Heart Failure & Transplant, Dr. Castigliano Bhamidipati & Dr. Jonathan Chen

Cardiac: Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement, Dr. Michael Kayatta & Dr. Vinod Thourani

Congenital: Complete AV Canal, Dr. Luis Velasco & Dr. Richard Jonas

Cardiac: Ascending Aortic Aneurysm, Dr. Michael Kayatta & Dr. Ed Chen

Historical: Development of TAVR, Dr. Josh Rosenblum & Dr. Vinod Thourani

Congenital: Interrupted Aortic Arch & VSD, Dr. Josh Rosenblum & Dr. Kirk Kanter

Cardiac: Degenerative Mitral Valve Disease, Dr. Sarah Ward & Dr. Steven Bolling

Cardiac: Surgical Treatment of AFib, Dr. Matthew Schill & Dr. Ralph Damiano

Congenital: Transposition of the Great Arteries, Dr. Peter Chen & Dr. Charles Fraser

Cardiac: Type A Dissection, Dr. Gregory Pattakos & Dr. Joseph Coselli

Historical: History of the Total Artificial Heart, Dr. Vakhtang Tchantchaleishvili & Dr. Lyle Joyce

Cardiac: HOCM, Dr. Bobby Steffen & Dr. Nicholas Smedira

Cardiac: Pericardial Disease, Dr. Sahar Saddoughi & Dr. Hartzell Schaff

Thoracic: Tracheal Stenosis, Dr. Amy Fiedler & Dr. Douglas Mathisen

Cardiac: Ischemic Mitral Regurgitation, Dr. Sarah Schubert & Dr. Irving Kron

Cardiac: Aortic Arch Aneurysm, Dr. Melissa Levack & Dr. Eric Roselli

The purpose of TSRA podcasts is to educate and inform. It is not a substitute for cardiothoracic surgery resident education and should be used in conjunction with a variety of other resources and references. Guests who speak in this podcast express their own opinions, experience, and conclusions. The Thoracic Surgery Residents Association (TSRA), the Thoracic Surgery Directors Association (TSDA), and/or any company or organization providing financial support do not endorse or oppose any particular procedure, treatment option, commercial product, or manufacturer. The information contained in this podcast is not a substitute for patients seeking professional medical advice or treatment for specific conditions.

TSRA Intern Survival Guide

The TSRA Intern Survival Guide is a valuable resource that provides helpful tips on managing common issues interns often encounter (e.g., hypertension, hypotension, chest pain, low urine output, etc.), as well as steps for performing common bedside procedures, such as central venous catheter insertion or abscess drainage. The guide is not meant to be all-encompassing. It is a culled pool of personal experiences and resources from many residents and residency programs. It is meant to be a starting platform with basic advice and tips from which you can build upon and fill in any remaining gaps in knowledge and skills. To all of the interns, TSRA wishes you all the best as you embark on your training in cardiothoracic surgery.

Click here to download your copy of the TSRA Intern Survival Guide.

TSRA Pocket Mentor 

The purpose of the TSRA Pocket Mentor is to serve as a guide for cardiothoracic surgery residents throughout training and beyond. Written by residents, faculty and program directors, the TSRA Pocket Mentor covers an array of topics not found in a textbook – including valuable advice on how to find time to read and study, hone technical skills, find a mentor, conduct research, find a job, achieve early career success, and more. It also provides an extensive list of resources and opportunities for current trainees.

Click here to download your copy of the TSRA Pocket Mentor.

Please email with any comments or feedback.

TSRA Review of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Second Edition

The second edition of TSRA Review of Cardiothoracic Surgery, edited by the Thoracic Surgery Residents Association (TSRA)  and authored by thoracic surgery residents in North American training programs, is a summary of critical information that cardiothoracic surgeons need to be familiar with. The second edition includes updated guidelines and additional chapters to offer a broad review of topics in general thoracic surgery, adult cardiac surgery, congenital cardiac surgery, and cardiothoracic trauma and critical care. The TSRA is an organization that represents all cardiothoracic surgery residents in the United States.

TSRA Review of Cardiothoracic Surgery, 2nd Edition is available in the following formats:

  1. As a print book on Amazon.
  2. As an e-book for Kindle on Amazon.

Cardiopulmonary Bypass: A Primer

Cardiopulmonary Bypass: A Primer was created by surgeons, perfusionists, anesthesiologists, and nurses from the Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery at the University of Washington Medical Center in Seattle, WA.  Through this interdisciplinary perspective; residents, medical students, perfusionists, nurses, anesthesiologists, and anyone else in the operating room may gain new insight into this distinguishing technology.

The freebook is available for download with iBooks on your Mac or iOS device. Multi-touch books can be read with iBooks on your Mac or iOS device. Books with interactive features may work best on an iOS device. iBooks on your Mac requires OS X 10.9 or later.

TSRA Multiple Choice Review of Cardiothoracic Surgery

This app allows the user to test their knowledge base by answering multiple choice questions in the major disciplines associated with thoracic surgery: adult cardiac surgery, congenital cardiac surgery, general thoracic surgery, and trauma and critical care. Each of the four disciplines is subdivided into important categories with about 10 questions for each subject. The user selects the best answer and is immediately notified if their choice was correct. The notification contains the correct answer and, usually, an explanation for the correct answer and the incorrect options. Answered questions are stored on the device as either answered correctly or answered incorrectly. This gives the user the opportunity to review their previous attempts. The questions can all be reset to allow the user to repeat the questions as needed.

Download the app on iTunes. iTunes Badge

The TSRA members who submitted questions have made all attempts to ensure the accuracy of the questions and answers. Nevertheless, unforeseen errors can occur. If any questions are suspected of being inaccurate, users are encouraged to avail themselves of the in-app “Complaint Department” by emailing TSRA at with any issues. Additionally, the practice of medicine is not an exact science, and practice patterns do change over time. This app and its content is not meant to make recommendations for medical care. It is an educational tool only. Any medical decisions should be made after discussions with appropriate healthcare providers.

TSRA Review of Cardiothoracic SurgeryTSRA Review of Cardiothoracic Surgery.Cover_Page_001.25

The goal of TSRA Review of Cardiothoracic Surgery, edited by the TSRA and authored by more than 50 cardiothoracic surgery residents from different programs around the country, is to synthesize the breadth of information that a cardiothoracic surgeon has to be familiar with into a few hundred pages. The material is organized into four different sections: General Thoracic Surgery; Adult Cardiac Surgery; Congenital Cardiac Surgery; and Cardiothoracic Trauma and Critical Care.

The TSRA Review of Cardiothoracic Surgery is available in the following formats:

1. As a PDF file in English (free English download) and Turkish (free Turkish download).
2. As an e-book (.mobi, .epub) to use with various electronic platforms (Kindle, iPad, iPhone, Nook, Mac/PC, and other e-readers) (free download).
3. As a print book on Amazon.
4. As an e-book for Kindle on Amazon.

TSRA Primer of Cardiothoracic SurgeryTSRA Primer Cover

TSRA is pleased to offer the TSRA Primer of Cardiothoracic Surgery. The Primer is an integrated educational resource produced by residents, for residents, illustrating the fundamental concepts a new learner needs to become familiar with upon entering the arena of cardiothoracic surgery. It is a “primer,” and as such is tailored to the student in the neophyte stage of learning. The book is currently available on the iBookstore. Additional formats for Kindle, Android and other devices are in development.

Download the TSRA Primer of Cardiothoracic Surgery from iTunes now. DownloadPrimerBadge

TSRA Clinical Scenarios in Cardiothoracic SurgeryClincial Scenarios Cover

TSRA is pleased to offer TSRA Clinical Scenarios in Cardiothoracic Surgery. This important resource completes the logical continuum of resident education aimed at the application of decision-making, surgical technique, and knowledge towards different clinical case scenarios. The goal of TSRA Clinical Scenarios in Cardiothoracic Surgery is to review common, high-yield, and important scenarios that may surface during the course of a cardiothoracic surgeon’s practice in congenital, thoracic, or adult cardiac surgery. Like other TSRA projects, TSRA Clinical Scenarios in Cardiothoracic Surgery was written by residents for residents.

Contents of the book are organized into three major surgical sections: General Thoracic, Adult Cardiac, and Congenital Cardiac. Each chapter contains 10 sections designed to emulate possible conversation during the workup and treatment of a given patient: concept; chief complaint; differential, history & physical; tests; index scenario; treatment/management; operative steps; potential questions/alternative scenarios; and pearls/pitfalls.

TSRA Clinical Scenarios in Cardiothoracic Surgery is available in the following formats:

1. As a print book on Amazon.
2. As an e-book for Kindle on Amazon.
3. As an iPad and iPhone app through iTunes.iTunes Badge


Operative Dictations CoverOperative Dictations in Cardiothoracic Surgery

This resource seeks to provide a review of the major steps of an operation, as well as a guide to the appropriate documentation of the conduct of that operation. TSRA hopes the text will be useful for both practicing surgeons and residents in training. While the list of operations included in the text is extensive it is not intended to be inclusive of the entire breadth of the field of cardiothoracic surgery. Additionally, the text provides descriptions of one approach to the operations included. TSRA acknowledges that the approach to a given operation may vary among surgeons and institutions. This text is not intended to establish a uniform ‘correct’ approach, nor is it intended as a surrogate for formal residency training.

TSRA Operative Dictations in Cardiothoracic Surgery is available in the following formats:

1. As a print book on Amazon.

2. As an e-book for Kindle on Amazon.

Fighting Fatigue

TSRA and TSDA are pleased to make available Fighting Fatigue: A Guide for Cardiothoracic Surgery Residents. This free download is provided to help cardiothoracic surgery residents navigate their way through long days and long nights throughout their training.

Click here to download your free copy.

For additional resources for residents, visit the Thoracic Surgery Residents Association website at

*TSRA resources are provided as a basic guideline for the study of cardiothoracic surgery and should be used in conjunction with a variety of other educational references and resources. TSRA resources should not be construed as definitive study guides for either the TSDA In-Training Exam or the ABTS Certification Exam. TSRA makes no claims regarding the study guide’s value in preparing for, or its contribution toward performance on, either the TSDA In-Training Exam or the ABTS Certification Exam.  TSRA resources are educational tools only, and any medical decisions should be after discussions with appropriate healthcare providers.